Andy and Suzy's Big Adventures

Andy and Suzy's Big Adventures

Markman Lab (Stanford University)

Who Can Participate

For 6-year-olds

What Happens

In this study, your child will meet Andy and Suzy. Suzy is going to the beach and Andy is fixing a window. Your child will hear short stories read to them about both Andy and Suzy and then answer a couple of questions.

What We're Studying

Do the statements "The ball breaks the window" and "The ball makes the window break" have the same meaning? Many researchers think they mean the same thing. Our research is aimed at testing whether this is the case. If we find that—e.g., “make to break” vs. “break”—do not mean the same thing, then this would be a very important finding and raise a whole host of questions about the very different ways we have for thinking about causation. As one example, if “make to break” and “break” don’t mean the same thing, then that might suggest that there are two different ways to understand causation. And then this would raise questions about how these different understandings of causation develop.


7-9 minutes


You will receive a $5 Amazon gift card for participating in this study. To be eligible for the gift card, your child must be in the age range for this study and your child needs to be visible in the study video. Please also note that you must submit a valid consent statement. Each child is eligible to participate in the study and receive a gift card only once. We will send a gift card even if you do not finish the whole study or we are not able to use your child's data. Gift cards will be sent within one week of study completion. Please note that we can only offer Amazon gift cards. Thanks for your understanding.

This study is conducted by Dr. Ellen Markman (contact:

Would you like to participate in this study?